Below are online resources that accompany the book Ethics for people who work in tech; as suggestions for further reading, viewing, or listening. The resources are listed in the order of the book’s chapters:

1. A humanistic approach

The European Commission’s High-Level Expert Group on Artificial Intelligence; and their Ethics guidelines for trustworthy AI, 2019

The IEEE’s Ethically aligned design: A vision for prioritizing human well-being with autonomous and intelligent systems, 2019

Donella Meadows; and The Limits to Growth on Wikipedia

John Dewey; and philosophical pragmatism on Wikipedia

2. What do we mean with ethics?

Natural science, Social science, Humanities, and Technology on Wikipedia

Philosophical realism and constructivism on Wikipedia

Science and Technology Studies on Wikipedia

Bruno Latour on Wikipedia; and his essay Three little dinosaurs or a sociologist’s nightmare

Bruno Latour’s books Laboratory Life and Aramis, or the love of technology on Wikipedia

Bent Flyvbjerg on Wikipedia

Marc Steen: Co-design as a process of joint inquiry and imagination, Design Issues, 29, 2 (2013), 16–28

3. Is technology a neutral tool?

History of the electric vehicle on Wikipedia

Langdon Winner, Peter-Paul Verbeek , and Don Ihde on Wikipedia

We shape our tools and thereafter our tools shape us, 2013

A schoolman’s guide to Marshall McLuhan, 1967

Tristan Harris and Jeff Hammerbacher on Wikipedia

Marc Steen: Upon opening the black box and finding it full: Exploring the ethics in design practices. Science, Technology, and Human Values, 40, 3 (2015), 389-420

danah boyd, Meredith Broussard, Safiya Noble, Ruha Benjamin; Meredith Whittaker, Kate Crawford, on Wikipedia

Ruha Benjamin discusses ‘Race After Technology’, 2020

Abeba Birhane: The unseen Black faces of AI algorithms, Nature, 2022

The Guardian: Why Silicon Valley’s most astute critics are all women, 2021

Catherine D’Ignazio and Lauren F. Klein: Data feminism, 2020

Critical Data Studies on Wikipedia

Critical Data Studies Resources, by Angèle Christin

AI, Ain’t I A Woman? – Joy Buolamwini, 2018

Hannah Fry: What data can’t do, The New Yorker, 2021

4. Value, wellbeing and economics

The New Economics Foundation

Lewis Mumford, Günther Anders, Jacques Ellul, Ivan Illich, Hannah Arendt, and Hans Jonas on Wikipedia

Hubert Dreyfus, Donna Harraway, Neil Postman, and Langdon Winner on Wikipedia

Amartya Sen, Martha Nussbaum, and the Capability Approach, on Wikipedia

Ingrid Robeyns: Wellbeing, Freedom and Social Justice: The Capability Approach Re-Examined, 2017 (open access)

The Capability Approach on Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy

Ilse Oosterlaken: Design for Development: A Capability Approach, Design Issues (2009) 25 (4): 91–102.

Homepages of Kate Raworth and Mariana Mazzucato; see also below: Exemplars

The Horizon Europe research and innovation funding programme, and its Missions

5. The problem with the ‘Trolley Problem’

Philippa Foot: The Problem of Abortion and the Doctrine of the Double Effect, 1967

The Trolley Problem on Wikipedia

James Wilson: The trolley problem problem, Aeon, 2020

Irina Raicu: Modern variations on the ‘Trolley Problem’ meme, 2016

The Moral Machine online platform/survey; and the Moral Machine on Wikipedia

Edmond Awad and others: The moral machine experiment, 2018 (extended version; open access)

Moral Machines: How culture changes values​, Nature Video, 2018
Mind Field S2 – The Greater Good (Episode 1), 2017
The Trolley Problem | The Good Place | Comedy Bites, 2020

6. Privacy is about more than ‘privacy’

SyRI legislation in breach of European Convention on Human Rights, 2020

Carissa Véliz: Privacy is power: Why and How You Should Take Back Control of Your Data, 2021; my review of the book

7. What is your responsibility?

Herman Tavani: Ethics and technology: Controversies, Questions, and Strategies for Ethical Computing, 2015

Mark Alfano: Moral psychology, 2016

Chimneys, 2021

8. Software for self-driving cars

The New Scientist: Should we all wear sensors to avoid being run over by driverless cars?, 2021

9. Consequences and outcomes

Consequentialism, Jeremy Bentham, and his Felicific Calculus, and John Stuart Mill on Wikipedia

Consequentialism on Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy

Ford Pinto on Wikipedia

Quality Adjusted Life Years, QALI, on Wikipedia

Peter Singer on Wikipedia, and his book The life you can save, 2009/2019

The School of Life: Epicurus
Crash Course Philosophy #36: Utilitarianism

10. Cameras in public spaces

How Barcelona is Giving Citizens Control of Their Data, 2019

How Barcelona is leading a new era of digital democracy, on Medium

TADA; Future plans for TADA

11. Duties and rights

Deontological ethics, Immanuel Kant, his categorical imperative on Wikipedia

Deontological Ethics on Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy

The Code of Hammurabi, the Edicts of Ashoka, the Magna Carta, and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, on Wikipedia

The International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights on Wikipedia; both multilateral treaties

Interactive maps that show which countries ratified these (and other) treaties

The European Convention on Human Rights (of the Council of Europe, 46 countries) and the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union (27 countries), on Wikipedia

The United Nations’ Office of the High Commissioner on Human Rights (UN OHCHR): Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights

The OECD’s Responsible business conduct and human rights

The European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights on Business and human rights

The ACM’s Code of Ethics and Professional Conduct and the IEEE’s Ethical Guidelines & Policies

UN OHCHR Landmark ruling by Dutch court stops government attempts to spy on the poor, 2020

Business Insider: A major flaw in Google’s algorithm allegedly tagged two black people’s faces with the word ‘gorillas’, 2015

Wired: When It Comes to Gorillas, Google Photos Remains Blind, 2018

ProPublica: How We Analyzed the COMPAS Recidivism Algorithm, 2016

Mireille Hildebrandt: Law for computer scientists and other folk, 2020 (open access)

The School of Life: Immanuel Kant
Crash Course Philosophy #35: Kant & Categorical Imperatives

12. Smart devices in our homes

Technological Mediation of Morality | Olya Kudina | TEDxBucharest, 2020

13. Relationships and care

Ethics of care, or relational ethics, on Wikipedia

Feminist ethics on Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy

Sabelo Mhlambi on what AI can learn from Ubuntu ethics, on Medium, 2020

“Sawubona” Ubuntu Ethics for AI by Sabelo Mhlambi, 2019
Tyson Yunkaporta discusses Sand Talk: How Indigenous Thinking Can Save the World (2019)
The Honorable Harvest – Robin Kimmerer, 2019

Washington Post: ‘Braiding Sweetgrass’ has gone from surprise hit to juggernaut bestseller, 2022

MIT Technology Review: What Buddhism can do for AI ethics, 2021

Wong on Confucianism, Robots and Moral Deskilling, Philosophical Disquisitions podcast, 2019

Sumak kawsay, or buen vivir or good living, on Wikipedia

Indigenous Protocol and Artificial Intelligence, 2020

Communitarianism on Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy

Michael Sandel: Justice

Rutger Bregman and Frans de Waal on Wikipedia

Otto Scharmer: Leading from the emerging future, 2016–excerpt, with the three divides on pages 4-5

14. A social media app

Prof Shannon Vallor’s lecture on “Technomoral Virtues and the Future of Human Flourishing”, 2017

15. Virtues and flourishing

Aristotle and Virtue ethics on Wikipedia

Virtue ethics on Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy

Aristotle: Nicomachean Ethics

The School of Life: Philosophy – Aristotle
Crash Course Philosophy #38: Aristotle & Virtue Theory
Facebook Home “Dinner”- Interesting Family, 2013

Evan Selinger: Facebook Home Propaganda Makes Selfishness Contagious, Wired, 2013

Welcome to Facebook Horizon, 2021

Shannon Vallor: Technology and the virtues: A Philosophical Guide to a Future Worth Wanting, 2016; my review of the book

Marc Steen, Martin Sand, Ibo Van de Poel: Virtue Ethics for Responsible Innovation, Business and Professional Ethics Journal, 40, 2 (2021), 243-268

Marc Steen: Slow Innovation: The need for reflexivity in Responsible Innovation, Journal of Responsible Innovation, 8, 2 (2021), 254-260.

Marc Steen: Virtues in participatory design: Cooperation, curiosity, creativity, empowerment and reflexivity, Science and Engineering Ethics, 19, 3 (2013), 945-962

16. Methods to ‘do ethics’ in your project 

Marc Steen, Martijn Neef, Tamar Schaap: A Method for Rapid Ethical Deliberation in Research and Innovation Projects, International Journal of Technoethics, 12, 2 (2021), 72-85

17. Human-Centred Design 

ISO 9241-210:2019 Human-centred design for interactive systems

Marc Steen: Co-design as a process of joint inquiry and imagination, Design Issues, 29, 2 (2013), 16–28

Marc Steen: Tensions in human-centred design, CoDesign, 7, 1 (2011), 45-60

18. Value Sensitive Design 

Values (Western philosophy) and Value Sensitive Design on Wikipedia

Societal and Ethical Impact Canvas

Annemarie Mink: Capability Driven Design

Naomi Jacobs: Capability Sensitive Design

19. Responsible Innovation

Plastic bags were created to save the planet, inventor’s son says, Independent, 2021

Transdisciplinary Innovation, special issue of Technology Innovation Management Review, 2018

Marc Steen, Tjerk Timan, Ibo van de Poel: Responsible Innovation, Anticipation and Responsiveness: Case studies of Algorithms in Decision Support in Justice and Security, and an Exploration of Potential, Unintended, Undesirable, Higher-order Effects, AI and Ethics, 1, 4 (2021), 501-515.

Marc Steen and Joram Nauta: Advantages and disadvantages of societal engagement: a case study in a research and technology organization, Journal of Responsible Innovation, 7, 3 (2020), 598-619

20. What does your next project look like?

Books by Mark Coeckelbergh, e.g., his book AI Ethics, 2020

Books by Virginia Dignum, e.g., her book Responsible Artificial Intelligence, 2019

John Havens book Heartificial Intelligence, 2016

The Alan Turing Institute’s AI, human rights, democracy and the rule of law: A primer prepared for the Council of Europe, 2021

Ethically Aligned AI: Resources

6 big ethical questions about the future of AI | Genevieve Bell, 2021
What is Ethics? A series of visually interesting videos on professional ethics, e.g., on: Ethical Decision Making; Virtue Ethics; Deontology; Consequentialism; Moral Intuition; Moral Courage; etc.

21. Exemplars

In the book are 16 short portraits of people whom I find admirable. They embody, exemplify, or champion specific virtues. They can function as exemplars and inspire you to cultivate and express relevant virtues.

Below are links to talks or interviews with them. You can see and hear them; and model their ways of thinking, feeling, and acting. You can try-out relevant virtues in your work and projects–learn by doing.

Please note that I do not expect that you view all of these exemplars admirable in the same way that I do. Maybe you even do not admire some of them. Still, I hope that you can learn from some of them.

Greta Thunberg

Greta Thunberg As You’ve Never Seen Her Before: Memes, Beans and Climate Activism, 2022
Greta Thunberg’s emotional speech to EU leaders, 2019

The Guardian: Greta Thunberg responds to Asperger’s critics: ‘It’s a superpower’, 2019

Financial Times: Greta Thunberg: ‘All my life I’ve been the invisible girl’, 2019

Tristan Harris

How a handful of tech companies control billions of minds every day | Tristan Harris, 2017

The Center for Humane Technology: About and Take Control

How technology is designed to bring out the worst in us, Vox podcast, with Ezra Klein, 2018

Kate Raworth

A healthy economy should be designed to thrive, not grow | Kate Raworth, 2018

Doughnut Economics; several Animations; and a short video: What is Doughnut Economics

Kate Raworth inaugurated as first Amsterdam University of Applied Sciences Professor of Practice

Otto Scharmer

Theory U – Learning from the future as it emerges | Otto Scharmer | TEDxTUHH, 2016

Theory U on Wikipedia

The u-school methods and tools feature a unique blend among state-of-the-art systems thinking, action learning, social arts, awareness practices, and tools for multi-sector systems transformation

Cathy O’Neil

The era of blind faith in big data must end | Cathy O’Neil, 2017

Weapons of Math Destruction: How Big Data Increases Inequality and Threatens Democracy, 2016

Weapons of Math Destruction: how big data increases inequality and threatens democracy | Podcast, 2022

Douglas Rushkoff

How to be “Team Human” in the digital future | Douglas Rushkoff, 2019

Douglas Rushkoff: Team Human vs. Team AI: To make artificial intelligence live up to its promise, we need to understand and reframe the values implicit in the technology

Team Human, host of a long-standing podcast, e.g., this episode: Kibbitz Room II live, 2022

Marleen Stikker

Marleen Stikker | Odyssey Ethical Deep Dive, 2019

De Digitale Stad (The Digital City), nominated as Unesco World Heritage

The Digital City unlocked

Jaron Lanier

How we need to remake the internet | Jaron Lanier, 2018

You will love this conversation with Jaron Lanier, but I can’t describe it, Vox podcast with Ezra Klein, 2018

The New York Times: Jaron Lanier fixes the internet, 2019

Sherry Turkle

Connected, but alone? | Sherry Turkle, 2012

Some of her books: The Second Self: Computers and the Human Spirit(1984), about how computers affect how we look at ourselves, and think and act; Life on the Screen: Identity in the Age of the Internet (1995), about how people can go into virtual worlds and explore multiple identities; Alone Together: Why We Expect More from Technology and Less from Each Other (2011), about how our obsession with connectivity corrodes natural, organic, genuine communication; and Reclaiming Conversation: The Power of Talk in a Digital Age (2015), which deals with how being ‘always on’ made us forget the benefits of solitude and how to connect to others.

Sherry Turkle in conversation with Douglas Rushkoff, on the Team Human podcast, 2022

Yuval Noah Harari

Yuval Noah Harari on Vipassana, Reality, Suffering, & Consciousness, 2018

Yuval Noah Harari Reveals the Real Dangers Ahead | The TED Interview, 2022

The New Yorker: Yuval Noah Harari’s History of Everyone, Ever, 2020

Mariana Mazzucato

Mariana Mazzucato: Government — investor, risk-taker, innovator, 2013
What is economic value, and who creates it? | Mariana Mazzucato, 2020

Wired: This economist has a plan to fix capitalism. It’s time we all listened, 2019

John C. Havens

Ethically Aligned Design & Applied AI Ethics with John C. Havens, 2020

John Havens: The ethics of AI: how to stop your robot cooking your cat, 2015

The IEEE Planet Positive 2030 Initiative, under the leadership of Maike Lukenn and John Havens

Safiya U. Noble

Safiya Noble, Internet Studies and Digital Media Scholar | 2021 MacArthur Fellow (Extended), 2021
How biased are our algorithms? | Safiya Umoja Noble | TEDxUIUC, 2014

The Intersection of Technology, Power and Society, Safiya Umoja Noble, co-director of the UCLA Center for Critical Internet Inquiry, is committed to re-imagining technology and championing racial and economic justice

John Tasioulas

Why We Need AI Ethics with Dr. John Tasioulas, 2021

John Tasioulas: The role of the arts and humanities in thinking about artificial intelligence (AI), 2021

The University of Oxford’s Institute for Ethics in AI: Confronting the ethical implications of AI from a philosophical and humanistic perspective

Timnit Gebru

How To Stop Artificial Intelligence From Marginalizing Communities? | Timnit Gebru | TEDxCollegePark, 2018

Wired: What Really Happened When Google Ousted Timnit Gebru, 2021; and Ex-Googler Timnit Gebru Starts Her Own AI Research Center, 2021

Distributed Artificial Intelligence Research Institute

Edward Snowden

How we take back the internet | Edward Snowden, 2014

Edward Snowden on Wikipedia

The Freedom of the Press Foundation, which ‘protects, defends, and empowers public-interest journalism in the 21st century’

About the author/me

Homepage, marcsteen.nl; with a list of my publications (many open access) and my favorite podcasts and videos

TNO, The Netherlands Organisation for applied scientific research, where I work as senior research scientist

Delft University of Technology Industrial Design Engineering, where I earned MSc, PDEng, and PhD degrees

University of Humanistic Studies; I participated in their part-time PhD program on humanization of organization